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Improving the ability of independent innovation and realizing the transformation of domestic instruments from manufacturing to creation

the ability of instrument manufacturing represents the country's advanced productivity. Improving the ability of independent innovation in the instrument industry is the only way for China to achieve "manufacturing" to "creation"

from 1980 to 2015, China's economy achieved an average annual high-speed growth of 8.7%. However, since 2013, China's economic growth has fallen to 6% - 7%. With the reform entering the deep-water area, the rise of trade protectionism and the gradual disappearance of demographic dividends, if China wants to achieve economic growth in the future, it must rely more on the improvement of labor productivity

China has a huge population base. In order to quickly screen high-quality students before applying stress, examination oriented education has become the only way. Students who have been trained for a long time only know how to take exams, but do not know how to innovate. In contrast, China's instrument enterprises also have the same reason. The development of spring used for shock absorption is easy to take a two-level Road, that is, "the rich get rich first, and the poor are still poor". Some leading enterprises occupy the leading position in the industry and have always dominated the balance of China's instrument market, while many small and medium-sized enterprises are often easy to be eliminated by the market and difficult to survive because they have no core competitiveness

two major problems can not be ignored, one is the lack of ability of enterprises themselves, the other is "Chinese enterprises do not respect intellectual property rights". The word "Shanzhai" is common in all walks of life. Whether it is the theme of novels, pop songs, or instrument manufacturing, it can not escape the shadow of "imitation". Li Rongchang, director of the China patent technology development company of the State Intellectual Property Office, once delivered a speech on the "enterprise patent strategy", which mentioned the importance of patented technology to the vitality of enterprises, that is, applying for patents can help enterprises take the initiative in market competition, ensure the safety of production and sales, and also play an important role in increasing the intangible assets of enterprises and enhancing the competitiveness of products

in order to better protect the interests of enterprises, China has done a lot of work in the field of patent application protection in recent years. Taking the patent situation of spectrometer as an example, the growth began to increase gradually in 2008, and the number of patents reached 3220 in 2015, including invention patents, utility model patents and design; However, in 2015, the total number of patents was 2million, and it can be found that the share of spectrometer patents is still small; In terms of regions, Beijing, Jiangsu, Guangdong and other places have a large number of patents. Another representative instrument, chromatograph, has 1084 patents in 2015. In the past five years, the main bodies of chromatograph patent applications are: enterprises 56%, scientific research institutions 14%, colleges and universities 18%, individuals and others 12%. Among them, the top ten public patent enterprises include Shimadzu, spotlight, Shenghan, Huaai chromatography and other well-known enterprises

in addition to intellectual property, it goes back to the most primitive problem - innovation. In recent years, the rise of China's manufacturing industry has shown people the hope of innovation. Among them, the country's R & D investment cannot be restored until the e-point sample is passed. With the rapid growth of China's scientific researchers and funds for each scientific researcher, the number and quality of patents are also steadily improving. How to further realize industrial innovation? In China, relatively inefficient state-owned enterprises have done too much research and development, while more efficient private enterprises have insufficient research and development. If this resource mismatch can be corrected in one or two years, the productivity growth rate of China's manufacturing industry may increase by 33%-50%. Whether and how to achieve a more reasonable allocation of R & D resources is crucial to whether China can maintain high-speed growth under adverse structural factors in the future

if innovative R & D capability is the internal element of enterprise growth, brand building is the embodiment of the external strength of the enterprise. For a long time, China's brand awareness has been weak and brand building has been ignored. Even if the R & D strength has been improved, once it enters the market, its premium ability is poor, and it is unable to build market influence on the existing basis, which also restricts the leap of China's manufacturing industry to "made in China". China's instrument research and development ability is not bad. If we can improve the mismatch phenomenon and pay attention to brand building, China's instrument industry will release huge innovation potential in the future

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